Five Types Of Eczema On The Feet

Eczema on the feet requires proper attention and care because your feet have a very large chance to come into contact with a variety of different allergens every single day.  Therefore if you have skin that is prone to eczema, flare-ups can develop fairly often.

It can be just as irritating and uncomfortable to have eczema on the feet as on the rest of your body.  Just because people cannot see it does not make it any less annoying.  The itch can very mild to extremely severe so it is important for you to learn how to keep it under control so that you do not have to be bothered by it too often.

There are basically five different types of eczema on the feet being atopic eczema, irritant contact dermatitis, discoid eczema, varicose eczema and allergic contact dermatitis.

Atopic Eczema

This type of eczema on the feet is believed to be completely hereditary.  If you happen to suffer from atopic eczema, your skin will be inflamed, red and itchy.  The most common type of treatment method is either steroids or a steroidal cream that helps with the swelling and relieves the itch.  Scratching the skin can cause it to split and leave it very vulnerable to infection and if it becomes infected then the skin will crack and weep.  This is linked to hereditary factors such as hay-fever and asthma.

Irritant Contact Dermatitis

Irritant contact dermatitis is a type of eczema on the feet that is triggered by direct contact with irritant such a household cleaners, harsh detergents, chemicals and soap.  The longer the skin has contact with the irritant, the more extreme the flare up will be.  Symptoms can include dry, inflamed and red skin, similar to atopic eczema.  This can be prevented by simply avoiding the irritant altogether.

Discoid Eczema

This type of eczema generally only affects adults.  It has a very distinct appearance, resembling round, small lesions that can often be itchy, inflamed and sometimes even ooze fluid.  Treatment usually consists of various types of steroids and emollients to reduce the inflammation and stop the itching.

Varicose Eczema

Varicose eczema on the feet is usually found on people that suffer from varicose veins, most commonly occurring in the elderly.  It causes the skin to appear speckled with lesions that can be quite swollen.  It is also extremely itchy and uncomfortable.  Varicose eczema is usually seen primarily on the ankles and can become severe and move into ulcer formation if not treated right away.  Treatment usually consists of steroids and emollients to help stop the itching and calm the inflammation.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

This form of eczema is caused by having an allergic reaction from various things such as wool, food, fabric softener, soap, etc.  Lesions will often occur that are extremely itchy, red and inflamed.  This is very similar to irritant contact dermatitis.

Treatment

There is currently not a cure for eczema on the feet but most symptoms can at least be controlled to minimize pain and discomfort.  Effective skin care regimes are essential to control eczema.  Emollients, oral steroids and topical steroids are the most popular treatment options available today.

A trial and error phase is often necessary to go through in order to determine which emollients work best for the patient.  Topical steroids are very effective however, there are side effects that are presented when they are used as a long term treatment option and oral steroids are only necessary when symptoms are not able to be controlled by topical steroids or emollients.  Eczema on the feet is not something that will go away on its own so it is necessary to discuss treatment options with your medical care provider.


 

 

 


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