Treating Eczema Around The Eyes

Treating eczema around the eyes can be somewhat different that treating outbreaks elsewhere on the body because of the sensitivity of the skin, particularly the eyelids, and the proximity to the eyeball. One needs be especially cautious when using certain topical medications in the immediate vicinity of the eye.

Atopic Dermatitis - There are several types of eczema but the most common type is also called atopic dermatitis, so called because one suffering from atopic eczema is more likely to suffer from different kinds of allergies. Although the exact cause of eczema is not well understood, it is an established fact that the immune system plays a major role, and whatever causes an outbreak or flare up of eczema is seen by the immune system as being an allergen.

Eczema around the eyes can not only cause itching but can also be quite uncomfortable if swelling of or near an eyelid occurs. Whether swelling occurs or not, eczema around the eye is usually characterized by the appearance of red, scaly patches of skin. There will be a tendency to rub the eyes, whether there is itching or not, so it's best to treat the condition as soon as possible once a flare up occurs.

Moisturizing Is Important - The best treatment for eczema, especially eczema around the eyes, one place you really don't want to experience a flare up, is to keep the skin moisturized. It may be necessary in some instances to apply a moisturizing cream or lotion around the eyes several times a day. While using moisturizers won't necessarily prevent a flare up they will tend to make flare ups less frequent as well as less severe. Some moisturizers are quite effective in preventing allergens present the air from reaching the skin's surface.

A healthy immune system is also something you want to have on your side. Anything which gives the immune system a boost, be it vitamins, drinking plenty of water, or getting plenty of exercise, will help limit the frequency and severity of flare ups.

Irritants And Allergens - There are two factors which account for the majority of eczema flare ups, the presence of an allergen, or the presence of an irritant. Certain materials, such as wool can irritate the skin to the point an eczema flare up occurs, though with the exception of a ski mask, wool would not normally be worn that close to the eyes. Soaps and detergents are more likely to be a source of irritation in the area around the eyes, as would anything that results in frequent wetting and drying of the skin near the eye. The brand of soap used in washing the face, particularly if it is a perfumed soap, should be taken into account during any search as to what may be the cause of flare ups.

While irritants to the skin may cause flare ups if present for a period of time, allergens can cause eczema flare ups almost immediately, even if present in minute amounts, due to overreaction buy the immune system.

Corticosteroids - Corticosteroids have been the mainstay for eczema treatments for many years. Corticosteroids can be purchased over the counter, although sometime the medication is obtained through prescriptions when a higher strength  cream or ointment is called for. Long term use of topical steroids can result in thinning of the skin, making the area treated more susceptible to bruises, so when long term medication is required, alternatives are often used. Extended use of corticosteroids around the eye have been known to promote the formation of cataracts. A doctor or dermatologist should be consulted before using any medication in close proximity to the eye to avoid the possibility of unpleasant or potentially damaging side effects.


 

 

 


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