Causes of Eczema Blisters and Treatments

Eczema blisters are also referred to as vesicles and can show up as a symptom of just about any form of eczema. Eczema causes the skin to have less adhesion of the cells making up the skin, allowing fluids to move through the cells and gather into blisters. These blisters may be fluid-filled sacs or become infected and filled with puss. There are some topical and oral medications available to treat eczema, but some of these are not approved for long term use and may have unwanted side effects. Learning to live with eczema is a necessary but often hard concept to learn.

Eczema blisters can occur as a symptom of several forms of eczema. There can be many causes of eczema. Eczema may be genetic and passed down through families. It also may be a defect on the skin’s protective abilities or an abnormal immune system response. Specific irritants, chemical and environmental allergens may also cause eczema to develop in certain people. Once eczema symptoms have appeared, the likelihood of reoccurrence is high. Eczema often becomes more severe and less responsive to treatments the longer it goes without being diagnosed. This condition can also be acute, last only a few days or become a chronic condition.

The most common form of eczema is Atopic eczema. This form can affect the neck, face, hands and folds of the body. Typically it starts as dry skin that eventually worsens into scaly and thickened skin. The skin becomes itchy, red, inflamed and calluses appear. Blisters or vesicles often appear as well. These blisters can crack and burst, becoming painful. Scratching or rubbing these blisters can also lead to secondary infections. When the blisters do burst, they often leave behind yellowish crusts.

The form of eczema that most commonly sees blisters develop is called Dyshidrotic eczema. This type most commonly affects the feet and lower legs. It is different from other forms of eczema as the symptoms often present themselves in a very acute manner, usually appearing in only a few days. Its cause is unclear, but it may run in families and it often affects people before the age of forty. These blisters are especially itchy and create an aggressive burning sensation. Popmpholyx eczema is another specific type that affects the hands and creates small to large blisters. Often these blisters are pus filled. Nummular eczema is characterized by red, scaly round shaped lesions accompanied by blisters. Often this form of eczema will heal on its own, but due to the fact that it heals from the inside out it often leaves behind red rings on the skin.

Treatments for eczema blisters and skin irritation can involve topical medications and anti-itch creams. People who suffer from chronic eczema quickly learn what environmental factors trigger their eczema flare ups and learn to avoid or protect themselves from them. Anti-biotics may also be used to treat blisters as they create an entry way for bacteria when they burst or are scratched. Scratching or rubbing blisters only makes them worse and some anti-itch creams may help to alleviate this problem. Topical medications designed to treat the symptoms of eczema include corticosteroids and Immunomodulators (non-corticosteroids). These often have side effects and some may not be used over long periods of time.

Creating opportunities to protect the skin and prevent blisters is the most important step to treating eczema. This requires that the patient avoids irritants in their environment, use only specific irritant free products and protect their skin as much as possible. Avoid popping blisters or scratching at them to reduce the risk of creating an infection site. Often blisters will dry up after they burst and will become less annoying. Eventually with treatment and some lifestyle alterations they should heal. Learning to avoid blisters and skin problems associated with eczema takes time and effort.




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